ATROPOS: Fonera Quadrocopter. An insanely home-made UAV
Aimed by fritsl last post :) ...
Atropos is a wifi operated quadrocopter system. It uses a Fonera 2201 with a custom compiled version of GNU/Linux OpenWRT.
A set of wii sensors gives the information to the router throughout custom CPU GPIO pins. To achieve I2C communication a especial linux kernel module is used to make an emulated i2c port with every 2 GPIO pins available.
Here it comes a major upgrade of Atropos, as you can see in the front image. I have redesigned all mass distribution, putting all ESC together, and making a case for the whole system. To the cosmetic changes comes software changes, like scaled realtime graphs, and the most important thing, Pitch and Roll PID controller values has much more fine tunning.
Now I have to tune YAW PID and then Atropos will be on 1.0 version!.
New tests and flights in the new videos.
Fonera sends rotor commands to a 16F876 PIC, which generates PPM signals to manage ESC ( Electronic Speed Controllers). Those ESC are the power stage to trifasic motors.
To achieve very fast and less time consuming requests, http router web server has been modified on it's source code, to process all the AJAX requests in a RAM shared memory portion on the router.
Software control is completely home-made, and suited to be run into Fonera. It reads nunchuck and motion+ wii sensors, applies a low-pass filter, and a 2nd complementary filter on every loop which has been previously readed. Finally three PID controls manage rotor speed to guarantee stability.
Managing the aircraft with keyboard control is almost impossible. Due to this I developed a C program to translate USB Gamepads events into fixed-timed HTTP requests. This can be ported to any other control, making very easy to adapt to mobile devices, like phones, tablets, etc.
Will post more pics, videos & data ASAP!
I have posted a new video showing a test flight to observe compensated yaw lock implementation with HMC5883. There is a lot of pid tuning work left...
I recoded a huge part of HTML5 telemetry interface as you can see in the video, also software control has been updated with DCM algorithm.
IP camera is kinda messed up with colors since a early crash during another test flight. :(
This is the whole architecture of Atropos system. I hope it will help to make you a better idea of how this mess of wires works :)
Also I have attached a new video, (see at the top of the page) showing the last version of HTML5 interface, with attitude real time graphics (Where I live, windy season is starting and a new test flight is kind of uncomfortable, so this is a PID tuning session, by the see-saw method).
Video has several parts:
-First, I show how I will control the quad moving the mouse along a squared shape. The web part is functional but since it has to be completed with GPS+IMU filters in the flight control, that part is for the moment under construction. Also on the center of that shape, there are two arrows, green tell you real yaw degrees, and orange target yaw degrees. That works entirely
-Then, I enable three on-fly attitude graphics, on the right. That graphics are also canvas objects. Red line is target position on each plane, pitch, roll and yaw, and there is also a blue line. Thats the current position. The closer they are both lines, the better PID is tuned.
-Last, I disable graph attitude, to enable a HUD version of attitude indicator. That was the first component I made for this copter, but
for my first tests 1 year ago, that was not much helpfull in the debugging process, so I decided to make it optional, and enable it when fligths become more stable.
-Extra: you can see a terminal window running at bottom. That is the USB R/C trainer to UDP packet translator, to achieve faster and more efficient control of the copter, that HTTP requests. My intention is to make it unnecessary almost all the time, when I implement entire GPS Hold. It will make keytrokes+mouse a more user friendly control.
[UPDATE 07/01/2013]-> See top of the page