Let's Make Robots!

Artificial Intelligence Questionaire

Hi Guys,

I'm new to robots etc. I am currently doing a school project on artificial intelligence and wanted to do some research. I thought why not go talk to the experts so here I am. I have already done some background research and already know the general definition but part of the project requires me to gain information from a range of sources. This is a kind of questionaire/interview to gain new sources from experts.

Could you please explain in your own way "What is Artificial Intelligence?" and "How can you prove when a robot has AI?". Please make the answers as detailed as possible.

My chosen project is to design and create a robot (i.e line follower) and discuss whether or not it posseses AI. 

Also could you suggest a robot ( line follower or maze solver) which would be closest to AI in order for me to raise a good discussion.

Thanks for the help!

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I have to disagree with your evolution thesis. A bacteria/amoeba/worm/frog can also evolve but is it intelligent? ALL live forms going through an evolution but the most of them are not intelligent (at least how we define it). 

Right is that all starts with DNA so it's a basic element of evolution but not intelligence.

Evolution is for sure a necessity for an intelligent lifeform. Evolution means also diversity and it is clear that not all lifeforms can have the same level of intelligence, because there are going through different kind of evolutions. Just imagine, one cosmic ray can trigger a mutation of a cell and therefore a different evolution. Evolution is a necessary condition for intellegent lifeform, but not a sufficient condition.

In my opinion it is a misbelif, human beings have a free will, can 'rewrite their program' anytime. We are controlled by complex chemical processes (hormons etc.), we have inherent reflexes, mode of behaviours. Life is a chemical process. Chemistry is the physics of the atomic shell, speak quantum mechanics. I strongly believe that all necessary information of life are already existent in the atoms. A chemical compound, how complex it may be, can only have the information of the atoms it is build of. It is just a matter how complex a chemical compound needs to get to be considered as lifeform and how complex to be considered as intelligent.

There was an experiment of Benjamin Libet. It showed that the consciousness of an event is delayed 500 ms, but according to his theory the human brain dates the event back so it looks like the event happened coincident. Also action purposes are already preluded 350 ms by the subconsciousness before the action purposes getting conscious . If the theory is right, we are more controlled by our subconsciousness as we think. And we know, we can not control our subconsciousness and therefore 'rewrite our program'.

100% agree with your explanation Markus, yes that's it!!!

I never thought this post would get so many diverse responses. I am very grateful for the responses I've had despite me bieng a newcomer. Wish me luck as I begin to dive into the contreversial topic.

doesn't this consciousness allow the robot to be able to effectively program itself though to perform an action 

Maybe it's worth deciding what makes a thing 'intelligent'. Most people assume humans are intelligent, but are non-human animals? Descartes believed in (mind-body) Dualism, so some sources suggest that he viewed everything that wasn't human as a sort of mechanical construct that only showed things like pain because it was wired into them and was nothing but an illusion. Only humans felt the real thing because they had a 'soul'. From my understanding, philosophy and ethics has moved on from that view, so if, say, a mouse is intelligent because it seeks to survive long enough to reproduce - escaping from predators, seeking sustainence, showing signs of pain/happiness - could a human-constructed device that does those things through programming be as 'intelligent' as a mouse? And on a lower level, BEAM photovores seem to mimic many types of the behaviours of insects, so could they be as 'intelligent' as a woodlouse? If the answer is yes, then could there ever be such a thing as cruelty to robots? What if we ever reverse-engineer the human brain, as this guy thinks will be done if he gets the funding, and put that into an electro-mechanical device - is it really intelligence, or just the illusion of it?