Maybe not, that breakout board is only a simple amplifier. The circuit that Ant found from Rev Ed includes a sample and hold section as well as an amplifier that is more compatable with microcontrollers as it gives them more time to sample the input and recognise that a sound was made.
It depends on what you want the robot to do.
this might be overkill, but it worked well for me, I'm guessing you can use it with any pic?
Can't tell from a photo of the case. You need to show us the microphone itself.
Chances are they will be in which case be sure to connect power the right way around! Use at least 1K in series.
here it is.. :)