How to make gearbox
How to make gearboxes out of random plastic gears:
This tutorial shows how to make simple and small plastic gearbox with gear ratio about 1:100. Ratio can vary. This gearbox is good for stepper motors and other stolen motors what don't have their own gearboxes.
1. Why & what?
Building gearboxes is pain in the ass. Don't try it, it is not possible. Try to build gearboxes only when you are very poor and/or bored.
2. What is needed?
First you have to own some thingies. All what you need in the list of importance:
* minimum 4 gears (if i say gear, i mean big and small gear attached to each other. And their teeth have to match. plastic is good. and you can get them from toys, scrapyards etc.)
* motor (DC, AC, stepper, whatever.)
* about 10x10cm(3"x3") plexi glass or other kind of plastic sheet (aluminium if you are grazy. you can get plastic from random places)
* bolts, nuts
* some tools (drill, something to cut plastic sheets, screwdriver)
First: Take smallest gear you can find and find a way to put it on your motor shaft. Good way is drilling a bit smaller hole in and press it on. If gear fits and comes off perfectly then use some superglue. If you don't have small gear then take bigger gear with small one attached and cut off the smaller gear. If cutting off fails or is too risky then you can use big gear with smaller one.
Motor with gear:
Motor with gearbox. Double gear on motos shaft.
Second: Find a way to connect piece of plastic and your motor. It would be super if your motor had screwholes like mine. Plastic sheet should be about 5mm thick. It is possible to use thinner ones but it will only make life harder. Plastic sheet should be at 90 degrees angle from motor shaft. This plastic sheet will hold all gearbox shafts.
Third: Prepare gears. Find 1-3 double gears (small and big one attached to each other) and find one bigger one too. Big one is for output shaft and has to be at least 3mm bigger than rest of gears. I use one double gear. Then decide how big shafts to use and drill your gears according to that. I use 2mm bolt for shaft and output shaft will be 3mm bolt. Drilling have to be almost perfect. If hole is angled or too big, you have to take new gear.
Fourth: Put first gear in place (big part of gear against small gear on motor shaft), and mark place for shaft. Then drill your shaft hole and fasten a bolt to there. And no, bold will not rotate! Bolts never do. Less rotating shafts = more chance of success. After drilling, putting your plastic piece back to place and placeing gears on shafts you will probably spot that you have failed and gears will not move to right place. This can be fixed. To fix that drill plastic thingy screw holes wider and attach plastic thingy a bit further. Don't touch the shaft hole because shaft has to be strong. If you want more gears then attach more shafts.
Failiure - gears don't match
Now, hole is not round.
Fifth: Prepare the output shaft. Drill hole for it. Attach gear strongly to shaft. When you find that hole for shaft is too close then drill it a bit wider. If all gears match and run well then attach output shaft well to plastic.
Final: Make cover for your gearbox. It is important because all rotating shafts must be attached to gearbox from at least two places. Also it helps to keep gears in their place. If cover is complete and gearbox is assembled then all should be done!