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RS232 Communication with MCU

So I am making my own CNC - PCB Miller. It is communicating with the computer using RS232 (UART), but in my testing, I find that I don't always get the correct characters, even at 1200baud. Does anyone have a method to suggest for error-checking an incoming data string over serial? I was thinking of doing something like this:

CPU sends data to MCU 4 times.

MCU checks to make sure the data is repeated exactly 4 times.

--If yes->send "OK" 4 times

--If no->send "NOT OK" 4 times

If CPU receives OK, queue up the next data to send